XVII – “The best of all rulers”

The best of all rulers is but a shadowy presence to his subjects.

Next comes the ruler they love and praise;

Next comes the one they fear;

Next comes the one with whom they take liberties.

When there is not enough faith, there is lack of good faith.

Hesitant, he does not utter his words lightly.

When his task is accomplished and his work done

The people all say, “It happened to us naturally.”


The faith is the faith in the way, and faith in the ruler is a substitute for faith in the way. This is not good faith. Finally, there is not only lack of faith in the way, but worse, lack of faith in the ruler, and this is subversion. A ruler who is sticks to the way will tend to do that which consists in taking no action, this is his shadowy action and his shadowy presence.



Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s